Martin, the point I made when we spoke was that we must, collectively as society, strive to create, indeed mandate, equality of opportunity for all - but mandating equality of outcome is, in my view, problematic. Creating equality of opportunity is its own issue and I don’t know if there will ever be a time when we can really say we have created opportunity for all, because that will mean we have erased all inequities and brought every single person to that table. It’s not just “cracking the door” - its opening it wide and making sure everyone has the exact same chance to come through that door, and that everyone KNOWS they have that exact same chance. I do think mandating outcomes, at least as far as we can see now based on early studies, is problematic. For example, I know many women - one of whom I’m married to - who hate the idea of there being quotas for women in employment, or at some levels like in the boardroom, as it robs them of agency in achieving those goals on their own. This applies to a lot of other categories of people who have been discriminated against, of course, and also I assume there are likely many women who welcome such quotas. Scandinavian and Northern European countries in general are way further than anyone else in terms of both the mandated and the socially accepted idea of gender parity; I read recently that Norway is the only country where men take more maternity leave than women, for example. And yet, those countries don’t have gender parity in their boardrooms either, to take one professional example. A sizeable chunk of women in those countries - which all feature, as you may know, almost-free Medicare-for-all type healthcare, childcare and education - get fantastic educations, do very well in their careers, then quit, have children and come back to work (after a few years off) only part-time for a decade or more at least, which delays or (I am guessing here) damages their chances of getting on the board down the line. In that case, the women (assuming supportive partners etc, and bearing in mind that childcare costs basically aren’t an issue) could return to work almost instantly - but choose not to, rather choosing to be there for her children’s childhood. Does this hold true for all countries? Can’t tell. It may be this is just a European thing. I welcome any data that contradicts my opinion, of course, but for the most part I think we should direct our efforts to ensuring everyone not only has a chance, but that its an equal chance, and that everyone knows they have that equal, chance. The video you posted, for example, details beliefs that discourage women from thinking they have an equal opportunity, and therefore dismantling such beliefs would be part of ensuring equality of opportunity.